Anything that breaks the skin (graze, open wound) or an accident or medical emergency overseas that requires treatment places people at risk because they may be exposed to the hepatitis B virus living in the environment.3
Seemingly harmless activities such as acupuncture, piercing, pedicures or tattooing increase your chances of being exposed as will unprotected sex with a new partner or needles used in illegal drug use.3
Some individuals who get infected with hepatitis B remain infected for many years, and become carriers (carry the virus without showing any symptoms) of the disease.4 Carriers are also capable of spreading the disease.1
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