Hepatitis B - What is it?

Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).1  Hepatitis B occurs worldwide, with the risk of infection varying in different parts of the world.1    It spreads from person to person through contact with infected blood or body fluids, such as blood, mucus and saliva. The hepatitis B virus can live up to 7 days outside the body 2 and can enter the skin through cuts, grazes or broken skin.1,3 People who are not vaccinated are at risk of hepatitis B infection if they come into contact with infected blood or body fluids.1,3  The main concern with HBV infection is its ability to cause long-term infection, which may result in liver disease in some people including liver cancer.1,3

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