Japanese encephalitis - How is it spread?

Pigs and wading birds carry the virus, which is transferred from these animals to humans by the Culex species of mosquito.1  Travellers visiting regions where exposure to Japanese encephalitis is likely should take care to avoid mosquito bites1 – such as by using repellents, coils and sprays, and mosquito nets.3  The risk of contracting Japanese encephalitis during travel is extremely low, but may vary depending on a number of factors — such as the season of travel, regions visited, and length of stay.1,2

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